Hobby Tours
Environmental Tour Operator

   Natural Heritage of Romania

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Romania is situated in southeastern Europe with an area of 237,500 sq km between 43° 37´ 07´´ and 48° 15´ 06´´ North, and 20° 15´ 44´´ and 29° 41´ 24´´ East. Extending inland halfway across the Balkan Peninsula, it occupies the greater part of the lower basin of the Danube River system and the hilly eastern regions of the middle Danube basin. It lies on either side of the mountain systems collectively known as the Carpathians.

Romania is a country with rich biodiversity (ecosystems, species and genetic diversity) and a high percentage of natural ecosystems - 47% of the land area of the country is covered with natural and semi-natural ecosystems. Since almost half of all forests in Romania (13% of the country) have been managed for watershed conservation rather than production, Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe. The natural integrity of Romanian forest ecosystems is indicated by the presence of the full range of European forest fauna, including 60% and 40% of all European brown bears and wolves, respectively. Europe's largest wetland, the Danube Delta, also lies predominantly in Romania. Major grasslands, caves, and an extensive network of rivers, add to the ecosystem richness.

Important for Romania's biodiversity is that the territory of the country is a meeting point between biogeographic regions . There are 5 European Bio-geographical Regions represented in Romania (unique in Europe): Continental, Alpine, Steppic, Pannonic and Black Sea. The high level of geographic diversity in Romania and the consequence of its location as a biological meeting place, has produced a floral diversity that includes over 3,700 species and a fauna diversity estimated to be more than 33,802 species.

Climate: moderate. In general Romania has a temperate climate with significant zonal aspects. Some regions have high humidity and low thermic amplitudes, dryer continental climate exists in other areas creating higher thermic amplitudes, while in the south and west the influence of the sub-Mediterranean warm and dry climate is felt.

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